City of Glass – Stan Kenton

City of Glass - Stan Kenton
City of Glass – Stan Kenton



City of Glass is originally a 10″ LP by Stan Kenton, the album consists entirely of the music of Bob Graettinger. The original album has been reconstituted in different LP re-issues and the entire set of Kenton/Graettinger Capitol Records sessions are on the digital CD City of Glass.

The LP City of Glass and the whole body of work from the Stan Kenton orchestra and Robert Graettinger (1947–1953) is a direct product of the experimental American music scene of the post World War II era. Though overshadowed historically by other compositional endeavors in jazz at the time attributed to George Russell, Neal Hefti or Lennie Tristano, Graettinger and City of Glass is important in the progress that was to be part of Third stream jazz.

Graettinger’s Thermopylae is the first Graettinger work recorded by the Kenton Orchestra (December 1947); the title referring to the famous Battle of Thermopylae fought in 480 BC between the Greeks and Persians.  Venudor’s and Cox’s (Kenton biographers) comparison to Alexander Mosolov’s ”Iron Foundry” is not too far off but Thermopylae can better be compared to Italian Futurism music as well as larger more involved movements of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn’s suites of the time (George Antheil’s music would be another). Graettinger’s treatment of the sax section juxtaposed against the straight 8th note pulse with Weidler’s muscular ‘Hodgesesque’ lead alto playing places the work firmly in the camp of Ellington’s ‘Jungle Music,’ the influence of Benny Carter’s playing and writing is clearly evident also.

Bob Graettinger

Graettinger’s intention is far closer to jazz than to the modernism of Russians or any classical music of the time; this makes it no less innovative but merely assigns the lineage to a more accurate place. Second alto saxophonist/clarinetist Art Pepper sums up the comparison to Ellington this way, “…Graettinger didn’t just write for a band, or for sections; he wrote for each individual person, more or less as Ellington did. It was so difficult to play because you were independent of the guy next to you.”

The arrangement of Matt Dennis’s Everything Happens To Me (June Christy, vocal) was not done under Kenton’s aegis but with Christy’s later to be husband Bob Cooper as the leader just after the second AFM recording ban. This is added to the CD and shows the continuity of Graettinger’s writing and recorded works for Capitol; the chart had originally been done for the full Kenton instrumentation but was never recorded. The small 11 piece group (to include violin and cello) provides some real insight to the inner workings of Graettinger’s writing. The austere nature of his arrangement and use of pantonality (one might call it atonality in spots) makes one wonder how June Christy is able to pick off the 9th of the F minor chord at the top of the tune; there is basically no clue given by Graettinger as to what pitch is coming for the singer (the glue that holds this together is the Bb pedal point at the bottom). Interestingly, after first stating the entire tune there is a tutti ensemble section that gives way to the ‘last ‘A’ of the form’.   Also, his harmonic transitions between sections are key in their departure from the tune compared to the established harmony while June Christy sings.

Of the works recorded by Capitol Records. Incident in Jazz is probably the most compositionally unified of Graettinger’s and shows his full capabilities as an orchestral writer in progressive jazz or as a Third stream music composer (the work was originally entitled ”Incident in Sound”).  This is part of the new ‘Innovations in Modern Music’ orchestra that Stan Kenton had marshaled into the studio to record these groundbreaking sides. Kenton comments on the unprecedented conditions this orchestra operated under, “The Capitol people were with me all the way. There were tremendous sums of money involved in recording this orchestra and selling the music that was of such an unusual nature. I remember hour upon hour in the studio while we were recording, and there was no thought of how much it would cost: the thought was only to make the finest recordings that we knew how.”   The largesse of Capitol Records and Kenton himself would only last (roughly) six months until a more conventional, financially solvent Kenton ‘dance’ orchestra would be reformed to cut sides with the popular Capitol artist Nat King Cole. Graettinger’s “House of Strings” (Aug 24, 1950) is recorded on a split session with popular Les Baxter sides; the Kenton ‘Innovations Orchestra’ as a regular touring and studio unit had come and gone quickly due to financial failure.

The work itself spurns a sense of symmetry and order that the other composers on the Innovations in Modern Music release adhere to.  Graettinger’s lack of sequential pattern and deliberative asymmetry is never frivolous due to the atonal orchestration. The work ends on a tranquil note like many other of his works.  Incident in Jazz commented Holleck, “is modern music, heart deep.”

Stan Kenton, Bob Graettinger, & Pete Rugalo — rehearsing City of Glass.

After a years hiatus from the recording of Graetinger’s works, both producer Lee Gilllette and Stan Kenton were able to cajole a reluctant Capitol Records management into assembling a 1951 version of the ‘Innovations Orchestra’ to record. The group’s studio time on December 5 and 7 was entirely devoted to Graettinger’s music; primarily the four movement City of Glass suite (add “A HORN” from ”This Modern World”). This was the rewritten version from the original premiered at the Civic Opera House in Chicago in 1947 (the reception of the premiere by public was quite indifferent). Olivier Messiaen’s Mode de Valeurs et Dintensites (1949) comes to mind with the first opening music of Graettinger’s Entrance Into The City (in two parts). The ‘jagged edges’ (akin to Anton Webern) and use of free dissonance by each composer while (simultaneously) writing across the Atlantic from one another are notable. In essence, the same effect was being achieved with little to no knowledge of one another’s work. The second movement (”The Structures”) is quite effective to the level of ”Incident in Jazz” recorded almost two years before. Both are well balanced works successfully set in jazz ‘grooves’ juxtaposed to tonal dissonance like George Russell’s groundbreaking 1949 A Bird in Igor’s Yard (also recorded by Capitol during that time). The third and last movement is much more romantic in approach; almost to the point of imagining it being a set of opera scenes from Richard Strauss’s Elektra or Alban Berg’s Wozzeck (Graettinger was long a fan of opera and ballet).  There is some notable lyrical playing by members of the Kenton orchestra in this final movement.

The remaining works on the CD primarily comprise the later released This Modern World. After City of Glass Stan Kenton would add in an odd Graettinger composition during recording sessions until there was enough to press a second 10 inch LP of new material. This Modern World is varied in scope but lacks greatly what would be real jazz sensibilities; the feature written for Maynard Ferguson entitled A Trumpet (Stan Kenton himself gave it that name) is the only exception on this recording.

Graettinger’s trombone feature on the standard You Go To My Head is included here and was aimed at the first release of New Concepts of Artistry in Rhythm.   Each piece stands on its own and do not really comprise a unified theme or ‘set’ of concert works. Some of the works (“A Thought”, “Some Saxophones”) were not even supervised in the recording process by Stan Kenton himself in that he was out on tour with the orchestra. This would be Graettinger’s last tenure with the Stan Kenton recordings in the studio as composer, conductor, or supervisor.  After this recording Graettinger’s output dwindled and only one other piece is known of (“Suite for String Trio and Wind Quartet”) and was still unfinished at the time of his death in 1957.

While audiences of that time simply reacted with their feet to his music, a kind of romanticism grew up around Graettinger that had protected him from the criticism of his peers. His total lack of interest in material possessions leading to very primitive living conditions, his method of writing music colors to illustrate the different instruments (much like Duke Ellington), and his total dedication to his music above all else, insured the admiration of other musicians.  sax-icon

Track listing (CD reissue)

All writing by Robert Graettinger (except #2 and #12, Graettinger as arranger)

1) Thermopylae 2:53

2 ) Everything Happens To Me (Matt Dennis) 2:59

3) Incident In Jazz 3:26

4) House Of Strings  4:15

5) A Horn 4:04

6) City Of Glass (1st Movement-Part 1): Entrance Into The City 4:30

7) City Of Glass (1st Movement-Part 2): The Structures  3:46

8) City Of Glass (2nd Movement): Dance Before The Mirror 4:22

9) City Of Glass (3rd Movement): Reflections 3:53

10) Modern Opus 3:14

11) A Cello 4:59

12) You Go To My Head (Coots/Gillespie) 3:20

13) A Trumpet 4:46

14) An Orchestra 4:03

15) A Thought 4:52

16) Some Saxophones 3:13

* Track 1 is first issued on Capitol T-172, ”A Presentation of Progressive Jazz!” LP (1950)

* Track 2 was never issued

* Track 3 is first issued on Capitol T-189, ”Innovations In Modern Music” LP (1950)

* Track 4 is first issued on Capitol T-248, ”Stan Kenton Presents” LP (1951)

* Track 5, 11, 13-16 are first issued on Capitol H-460, ”This Modern World” 10″ LP (1953)

* Track 6-9 are first issued on Capitol H-353, ”City Of Glass” 10″ LP (1952)

* Track 10 and 12 are first issued on Capitol T-569, ”The Kenton Era” LP set (1954)

Recording sessions

* Dec. 6, 1947 in New York City at RKO-Pathe Studios :Track 1

* March 28, 1949 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios :Track 2

* February 4, 1950 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios :Track 3

* Aug. 24, 1950 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios :Track 4

* Dec. 5 and 7, 1951 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios :Tracks 5-9

* March 19 and 20, 1952 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios : Track 10-11

* September 15, 1952 in Chicago, Ill. at Universal Studios :Track 12

* February 11, 1953 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios :Tracks 13-14

* May 28, 1953 in Hollywood, CA. at Capitol Studios :Tracks 15-16


====Dec. 6, 1947====

Conductor – Stan Kenton

Alto saxophone – George Weidler, Art Pepper

Tenor saxophone – Bob Cooper, Warner Weidler

Baritone saxophone – Bob Gioga

Trumpet – Buddy Childers, Al Porcino, Harry Betts, Chico Alvarez, Ken Hanna

Trombone – Milt Bernhart, Eddie Bert, Harry Betts, Harry Forbes, Bart Varsalona (bass)

Guitar – Laurindo Almeida

Bass – Eddie Safranski

Drums – Shelly Manne

Bongos – Jack Costanza

====March 28, 1949====

Vocal – June Christy

Violin – Jasper Hornyack

Alto saxophone – Art Pepper

Tenor saxophone – Bob Cooper

Baritone saxophone – Irv Roth

Trumpet – Buddy Childers

Bass Trumpet – Johnny Mandel

Trombone – Billy Byers

Cello – Casare Pascarella

Piano – Hal Schaeffer

Bass – Joe Mondragon

Drums – Don Lamond

====February 4, 1950====

Conductor – Stan Kenton

Alto saxophone – George Weidler, Art Pepper

Tenor saxophone – Bob Cooper, Warner Weidler

Baritone saxophone – Bob Gioga

Trumpet – Buddy Childers, Maynard Ferguson, Shorty Rogers, Chico Alvarez, Don Palandino

Trombone – Milt Bernhart, Eddie Bert, Harry Betts, Harry Forbes, Bart Varsalona (bass)

Guitar – Laurindo Almeida

Bass – Eddie Safranski

Drums –Shelly Manne

====Aug. 24, 1950====

Violin – George Kast, Lew Elias, Jim Cathcart, Earl Cornwell, Anthony Doria, Jim Holmes, Alex Law, Herbert Offner, Carl Ottobrino, Dave Schakne

Viola – Stan Harris, Leonard Selic, Sam Singer

Cello – Gregory Bemko, Zachary Bock, Jack Wulfe

Alto saxophone, flute – Bud Shank

Alto saxophone, clarinet – Art Pepper

Tenor saxophone, oboe, English horn – Bob Cooper

Tenor saxophone, bassoon – Bart Cardarell

Baritone saxophone, bass clarinet – Bob Gioga

Trumpet – Buddy Childers, Maynard Ferguson, Shorty Rogers, Chico Alvarez, John Copolla

Horn – John Graas, Lloyd Otto

Trombone – Milt Berhart, Harry Betts, Bob Fitzpatrick, Bill Russo, Bart Varsalona (bass)

Tuba – Gene Englund

Guitar – Laurindo Almeida

Piano – Stan Kenton

Bass – Don Bagley

Drums – Shelly Manne

Congas – Carlos Vidal

====Dec. 5 and 7, 1951====

Violin – Alex Law, Earl Cornwell, Phil Davidson, Barton Gray, Maurice Koukel, Seb Mercurio, Danny Napolitano, Dwight Muma, Charlie Scarle, Ben Zimberoff

Viola – Paul Israel, aaron Shpiro, Dave Smiley

Cello – Gregory Bemko, Zachary Bock, Gabe Jellen

Double Bass – Abe Luboff

Alto saxophone, flute – Bud Shank

Alto saxophone, clarinet – Art Pepper

Tenor saxophone, oboe, English horn – Bob Cooper

Tenor saxophone, bassoon – Bart Cardarell

Baritone saxophone, bass clarinet – Bob Gioga

Trumpet – John Howell, Maynard Ferguson, Conte Candoli, Stu Williamson, John Copolla

Horn – John Graas, Lloyd Otto, George Price

Trombone – Harry Betts, Bob Fitzpatrick, Bill Russo, Dick Kenney, George Roberts (bass)

Tuba – Stan Fletcher

Guitar – Sal Salvador

Piano – Stan Kenton

Bass – Don Bagley

Drums – Stan Levey

====March 19, 1952====

Alto saxophone – Dick Meldonian, Lennie Niehaus

Tenor saxophone – Bill Holman, Lee Elliot

Baritone saxophone – Bob Gioga

Trumpet – Buddy Childers, Clyde Reasinger, Conte Candoli, Don Dennis, Ruben McFall

Horn – John Graas, Lloyd Otto

Trombone – Bob Fitzpatrick, Bill Russo, John Halliburton, Gerald Finch, George Roberts (bass)

Guitar – Ralph Blaze

Conductor – Stan Kenton

Bass – Don Bagley

Drums – Frank Capp

====March 20, 1952====

Cello – Gregory Bemko

Alto saxophone, clarinet – Dick Meldonian

Alto saxophone, oboe – Lennie Niehaus

Tenor saxophone, English horn – Bob Cooper

Tenor saxophone, bassoon – Bart Cardarell

Baritone saxophone, bass clarinet – Bob Gioga

Horn – John Graas, Lloyd Otto, Fred Fox

Bass – Don Bagley

Drums, tympani – Frank Capp

====September 15, 1952====

Conductor – Stan Kenton

Alto saxophone – Vinnie Dean, Lee Konitz

Tenor saxophone – Bill Holman, Richie Kamuca

Baritone saxophone – Bob Gioga

Trumpet – Buddy Childers, Maynard Ferguson, Conte Candoli, Don Dennis, Ruben McFall, Pete Candoli

Trombone – Bob Burgess, Frank Rosolino, Bill Russo, Keith Moon, George Roberts (bass)

Guitar – Sal Salvador

Piano – Stan Kenton

Bass – Don Bagley

Drums – Stan Levey

====February 11, 1953====

”Same as September 15, 1952 but add Pete Candoli to trumpets.”

====May 28, 1953====

Conductor – Robert Graettinger

Alto saxophone, flute – Bud Shank

Alto saxophone – Herb Geller

Tenor saxophone, oboe, English horn – Bob Cooper

Tenor saxophone, clarinet, bassoon – Bart Calderell

Baritone saxophone – John Rotella

Horn – John Graas (on 15 only)


Producer: (1,3,4) Jim Conkling, (2) Bob Cooper, (5-16) Lee Gillette

Re-issue producer (CD): Michael Cuscuna

Digital transfers and mastering (CD): Malcolm Addey

CD design: Patrick Roques and Lisa Cuscuna

Liner notes: Max Harrison and Gunther Schuller

Standards In Silhouette – Stan Kenton

Standards in Silhouette



Standards In Silhouette was recorded in September 1959 by Stan Kenton and his orchestra, the entire set of arrangements for the LP written by Bill Mathieu. This recording stands alone in approach and style; Kenton himself only plays on Django (no piano called for by Mathieu on all others) and every standard is done at a slow, ballad tempo with very sparse, effusive writing. A hugely important year in the overall jazz and art music timeline; the same year Kind of Blue, Giant Steps and numerous other important recordings emerged.

In sharp contrast to earlier arrangers for the group such as Bill Holman, Lennie Niehaus, and Gene Roland, Mathieu’s music was not of the rhythmic, swinging variety. Kenton made a bold move and allowed the young arranger the full responsibility to produce an artistically and commercially viable set of arrangements for the band; for an entire ballad album. This was a savvy move and Kenton recognized Mathieu had full command “of an art aspired to by many writers, but rarely accomplished with the flair and ingenuity Mathieu achieves.” (Michael Sparke) Kenton’s intuition as a band leader and artist was spot on and Mathieu came up with nine ballads on standards that have become legendary for composers and arrangers to study.

By 1959 Stereophonic sound recording was now being fully utilized with all major labels. One of the great triumphs of the Standards in Silhouette album is the combination of the room used, the music, a live group with very few overdubs, and the recording being in full stereo fidelity (and later remastered to digital). Bill Mathieu was highly skeptical of the decision to record his music in a cavernous ballroom like Kenton’s Cuban Fire! and The Stage Door Swings had been done just a few years before. Mathieu adds, “Stan and producer Lee Gillette were absolutely right: the band sounds alive and awake (which is not easy when recording many hours of slow-tempo music in a studio), and most importantly, the players could hear themselves well in the live room. The end result is the band sounds strong and cohesive, and the album is well recorded.”

On Standards in Silhouette the soloists are the final touch that complete the picture. The set of solos by just Charlie Mariano alone are each masterpieces that foreshadow the future soulful playing later on from alto players such as David Sanborn and Dick Oatts. It is one of Mariano’s most influential set of tracks, though only delivered as a sideman. Mathieu is very generous with his praise in this respect for the band, “…and I was especially happy with the soloists, Roger, Rolf and most especially Archie. As far as Charlie, his playing, especially on ‘Django,’ provided the spark and authenticity the album needed.”

The influence of Gil Evans writing during that period and Mathieu’s admiration for Gil’s writing is acknowledged. The comparison fits well but Mathieu’s scores do not sound like cheap knock-offs of Evans’; his work on Standards In Silhouette is able to stand firmly upright on its own. Ironically, the one score which does not make the original 1959 LP is Lazy Afternoon (included on CD). This arrangement is directly comparable to the style and mood to Evans’ originals La Nevada or Bilboa Song. At 3:26 in length, Lazy Afternoon is far shorter than anything else recorded. The overall recording is a milestone achievement in 1959; the year that changed jazz.


Track listing

All arrangements written by Bill Mathieu total length 45:18

1 Willow Weep for Me (Ann Ronell) 5:52
2 The Thrill Is Gone (Lew Brown, Ray Henderson) 4:55
3 The Meaning of the Blues (Bobby Troup, Leah Worth) 5:27
4 When Sunny Gets Blue (Jack Segal, Marvin Fisher) 4:48
5 Ill Wind (Harold Arlen, Ted Koehler) 5:27
6 Django (John Lewis) 5:04
7 I Get Along Without You Very Well (Hoagy Carmichael) 5:05
8 Lonely Woman (Benny Carter]], Ray Sonin) 5:34
9 Lazy Afternoon (John Treville Latouche/Jerome Moross) 3:27

Tracks 1-8 comprised the original LP

Recording Sessions

September 21–22, 1959 at the Riverside Plaza Hotel, New York City


Conductor – Stan Kenton (piano on “Django” only)

Alto saxophone – Charlie Mariano
Tenor saxophone – Bill Trujillo, John Bonnie
Baritone saxophone – Jack Nimitz, Marvin Holladay
Trumpet – Bud Brisbois, Clyde Reasinger (tracks #3,8), Bill Chase, Rolf Ericson, Roger Middleton, Dalton Smith (all track except #3,8) Trombone – Archie LeCoque, Don Sebesky, Kent Larson
Bass Trombone – Jim Amlotte, Bob Knight
Bass – Pete Chivily
Drums – Jimmy Campbell
Bongos – Mike Pacheco (“Lazy Afternoon” only)

Holmes – Jeff Benedict Big Big Band

Jeff Benedict Big Big Band
Jeff Benedict Big Big Band


Jeff Benedict, a consummate musician in both the jazz and classical worlds,  had always wanted to do his own big band jazz album. With a little help from his friends, who coincidentally were all superb musicians,  he assembled an ensemble that’s equipollent with some of the best big bands in the country. Thus, the Jeff Benedict Big Big Band was born.

You’ll find no prolonged bouts of artistic navel gazing on this cd. This is music that’s meant to entertain. The soloists are impressive throughout and at times improvise with a searing inventiveness. The band, a literal paragon of swing, is a powerhouse of top players that perform with precision and authority. But don’t let that intimidate you. Listening to this band is a true pleasure.

With selections from a diverse repertoire that’s equally facile with standards from the American songbook to pop hits by Sting, you could say that the Jeff Benedict Big Big Band offers a little something for everyone here.

The recording starts off with Come On In, a minor blues composed and arranged by David Caffey, a longtime jazz educator and arranger. The work plays around with a pesky three-note motif that’s developed throughout the piece, almost obsessively at times, till the rousing conclusion. The chart swings hard and the band makes the unequivocal argument that this is an ensemble worthy of your attention. Jeff Benedict, a fluent improviser and accomplished lead alto player, takes the first solo. Charlie Richard follows, offering his own jazz musings on the baritone sax.

Bitter Jug is a sprightly reworking of The Jitterbug Waltz, arranged by trombonist Paul McKee, of Woody Herman fame. A straight-ahead swinger, the chart features a lively sax soli, performed with spunk and polish by a superb saxophone section that phrases so well together you might think they share the same lung. Matt Harris takes the first solo, contributing his bop-inspired moxie to the piano. He’s followed by McKee, a born lyricist on the trombone that dazzles with his slide-of-hand, and who’s the heir-apparent to former slide masters like Carl Fontana and Frank Rosolino.

Seven Days, the iconic hit by Sting in 5/4 time (an unusual meter for pop songs), gets the jazz treatment here in an arrangement by Benedict. The arrangement itself doesn’t break new ground, however, almost coming across as a transcription of the original — albeit spiced with jazz voicings and the instrumental colors of the big band. The concept works, though, and the solos  by Dave Askren on guitar and Jeff Ellwood on tenor offer probing ruminations on the material.

Holmes, an original by Benedict and dedicated to his late father,  is a fun and entertaining romp, a jaunty derivative of the blues — with attitude — that turns the familiar twelve-bar progression on its head. Starting with a New Orleans second-line style, the bass line suddenly veers unexpectedly to the tritone and you discover that you’re no longer in Kansas anymore — at least harmonically speaking — and if you are, Stravinsky has moved in next door as your new neighbor.  The work highlights Jeff Benedict’s musical sense of humor, amply evident throughout the entire recording. Solo turns are taken by Benedict on alto, Charlie Richard on bari, Tom Tallman on trumpet, and Paul McKee on trombone — all contributing their own blues-drenched flights of imagination.

Easy Living, a standard from the American songbook, features Benedict on alto, in an arrangement of his that makes use of a wide dynamic range. Of special note, listen for the sassy bass trombone work of Gerry Amoury and the impassioned wail of the sax section during the bridge. Benedict’s playing runs an emotional scale throughout that’s both sensitive and torchy, where his tender exchanges on alto are often contrasted moments later by a stunning wall of sound from the ensemble. The stirring climax of his solo is reached during a progression of accented quarter notes from the band, gradually increasing in intensity as he reaches a fever pitch of improvisational fury, an effect reminiscent of Bob Brookmeyer’s brilliant arrangement of Skylark. Paul McKee occasionally alternates with the melody on trombone.

Jaco, a composition by the great Pat Metheny,  begins with an intricate rhythmic figure from the saxes that at first hearing sounds like one of his multi-meter excursions, but it’s really just 4/4 time. Arranged by Benedict, Jeff continues the work started by Bob Curnow, who arranged a number of Metheny’s songs for big band. Ken Foerch leads off with a funky tenor solo and Charlie Richard sculpts his solo on baritone sax with a warm and woody tone, as if his horn had been carved from the trunk of a great tree. Benedict closes out with a soulful romp on the soprano sax.

Young and Fine is a composition written by Joe Zawinul for the fusion group, Weather Report. Another arrangement by Benedict, the sheer exuberance of the song, practically gushing with its own life force, almost overrides further treatment by an arranger, but Benedict adapts the work well to a larger ensemble. The latin groove  adds an effusive quality to Zawinul’s sunny classic that will make you smile from ear to ear. Benedict  and Matt Harris, on alto and piano , add further illumination with tandem solos.

Benedict’s rendition of Caravan, the Duke Ellington favorite, is a high-octane ride that drives relentlessly forward with a take-no-prisoners attitude that builds to an exciting climax. Jeff Ellwood, a player that defies cliché as if his life depended on it, seems relentlessly resourceful at finding new ways to grab the shirt collars of his listeners. In his solo on Caravan, after depleting his talent for conjuring wildly inventive melodic lines, he explodes in the altissimo with the guttural evocation of a primal scream, forging astonishingly new tonal possibilities from that smoldering smithy he calls a tenor saxophone.

Delta City Blues, composed and recorded by tenor sax legend Michael Brecker, is again arranged by Benedict. Brecker originally played the punchy, angular lines in the work with a spirit that reflected the unstoppable march of modernism — you could almost envision the steel girders of skyscrapers dramatically jutting into the air with each rhythmic stride. Oddly enough, though, Benedict’s interpretation somewhat neuters that modernity by removing the sharp corners and orchestrating the formerly jagged melodic strands into cute pirouettes that use the tonal colors of a saxophone quartet, the soprano daintily riding on top. It’s a startling juxtaposition if you’re comparing the two recordings in your mind as you listen. There’s no fault in the interpretation, as it is humorous and well-played by the ensemble — although you may justifiably find yourself asking at some point, is this a Michael Brecker piece or an etude by Marcel Mule? The tenor sax solo by Jeff Ellwood, a model of what modern jazz playing is all about these days, lends the right amount of incandescence to the work, sometimes screaming from the rooftops with exciting swerves into the upper register, but always with an unwavering hipness in his lines that’s rarely heard by lesser players.

Castle Creek Shuffle is another original by Benedict. A clever twist on jazz anthems like Killer Joe, this rollicking shuffle, irrepressibly upbeat and bouncy, feels good from start to finish, and features solo turns from Benedict on alto, Dave Askren on guitar, and Paul McKee on trombone. Benedict’s playing  sometimes echoes the saucy antics of former altoists like Dick Spencer, sporting ascending chromatic trills in the upper register; and Paul McKee lends his usual authoritative voice to the proceedings with a solo that’s hip, lyrical and unabashedly swinging. The chart ends on an anti-climaticThad Jones-like flourish, a fitting contrast to all that fun.

Naima, the evergreen classic by John Coltrane, is a memorable Paul McKee arrangement that wraps the former ballad in a sweeping latin groove. The dense voicings in the ensemble hint at Gil Evans influences and create gorgeous harmonic textures, like a gentle breeze stirring delicate strands of hair across the face of a beautiful woman. Jeff Jarvis infuses the work with the sumptuous beauty of his trumpet work, while guitarist Dave Askren lends his own tasteful renderings, and Paul Romaine plays impeccably throughout the work on the drums. With a final chordal ascent from the ensemble, the arrangement draws to a close, a fitting and lovely conclusion to the recording.  sax-icon

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Track Listing for Jeff Benedict Big Big Band 

Come On In (6:29)
Bitter Jug (5:47)
Seven Days (6:10)
Holmes (5:58)
Easy Living (6:14)
Jaco (5:49)
Young and Fine (5:46)
Caravan (5:47)
Delta City Blues (8:06)
Castle Creek Shuffle (7:26)
Naima (6:44)


Saxophones: Jeff Benedict, Adrian Williams, Jeff Ellwood, Ken Foerch, Charlie Richard

Trumpets: Steve Hawk (Lead), Jeff Jarvis, Tom Tallman, Frank Rico

Trombones: Paul McKee (Lead), Jacques Voyemant, Otto Granillo, Gerry Amoury (Bass)

Guitar: Dave Askren

Piano: Matt Harris

Bass: Tim Emmons

Drums: Paul Romaine

Producer: Jeff Benedict

Conductor: David Caffey

Engineer: Jim Linahon

Booth Supervisor: Kevin Mayse

Studio Assistant: Jeff Tower

To The Edge – Mark Taylor and the Big Band

Mark Taylor and the Big Band
Mark Taylor and the BigBand

By JACK COOPER (Guest Review)

Writer and arranger Mark Taylor has a long and illustrious career with his associations to the Stan Kenton Orchestra and as longtime staff arranger for the The Army Band (Pershing’s Own) in Washington D.C. Though his professional output has covered everything from small instrumental groups, to string ensembles and special performances for national T.V. shows, he has always come back to writing for 17 piece big band. The latter relationship in the U.S. capital has allowed Taylor close contact with the finest jazz players in Washington D.C. and the special armed services big bands therein. Taylor is widely published and well-respected amongst his composing and arranging peers dating back to his time at North Texas State University. His newest release (third with his own group), “To The Edge,” is a very polished big band recording. Many things catch the ear; the band is tight, energetic and extremely musical. The level of Taylor’s writing and the playing is at a very high level, as good as one would hear with first call studio musicians in Los Angeles, Nashville, New York, London, Berlin…or Washington D.C.

“Samba Ti Kaye” is one of Taylor’s originals and does a fine job introducing this latest recording and the band. Alto player Andy Alexrod shows us some great playing reminiscent of the legendary Sonny Criss while Graham Breedlove delivers a gorgeous flugelhorn solo. The shout chorus of the chart is typical of Taylor; it does superb job showing off the band.

Taylor’s interpretation of “Goodbye Yellow Brick Road” is swinging and gazes at this Elton John signature tune from a totally different angle. Ted Baker (tenor sax) and Jay Gibble (trombone) deliver fine solos. The biggest challenge Taylor had to face here was creating effective solo chord changes for these players; he completes the task with great expertise. Todd Harrison’s “a la Basie ‘Cute’” soloing is a very nice addition Taylor has allowed for inside the arrangement.

‘Blue Monk’ is a wonderful treatment of Monk’s original material first grooving in a Ragin’ Cajun style giving way to straight ahead blues the likes of which Clark Terry would be proud. Great solos from Matt Neiss and Graham Breedlove and lots of meat on the bone for Todd Harrison’s drums…and the band eats it up!

The ballad “Love Matters the Most” is gorgeous, John DeSalme is featured on tenor sax. Taylor’s use of mutes and woodwinds is one of his signatures and everything is musically well-balanced. What catches the ear on the chart is it’s not overwritten; another MT signature, very tasteful writing. One imagines Taylor’s feature as a precisely cut diamond in a beautiful setting for a ring; everything is in balance and so pleasing to the ear.

Marty Neu’s wonderful alto sax playing is the focus throughout Taylor’s interpretation of Jerome Kern’s classic “All the Things You Are.” An additional bass solo is inserted by Paul Henry to break up the action a bit; nothing gets lost in the momentum of the chart. Though this chart is very reminiscent of classic alto features from the Kenton orchestra for players such as Gabe Baltazer, John Park, or Quinn Davis, Mark Taylor embeds his arranging signature in this one with some very smart, swinging writing.

Wayne Shorter’s “Children of the Night” is given a ‘fast ball down the middle’ treatment by Taylor. The tune is allowed to do what it does best and certainly Mark is fully aware of the hard-bop tradition and language honored here. Grant Langford (tenor) and Craig Fraedrich (trumpet) do a fine job on the solos and Todd Harrison sounds great on the drum chair: he supports the band while displaying some fine solo fills.

Singer Delores King Williams is featured on Taylor’s velvety rendering of “My Funny Valentine.” The only critical thought one might have of Mark’s choices (for the CD) is to have a couple of more vocal charts on the recording. He is one of the finest vocal arrangers in the profession and it would have been nice to hear more. Tom Williams (flugelhorn) delivers a fine solo on the ballad.

“To the Edge” (title track) is a wonderful combination of Taylor’s hard driving, inverting and re-inverting of the augmented and diminished scales. By no means pedantic, a very melodic way of going about it, as Taylor so often does. What a great tune and the orchestration is fantastic. Typical of Taylor…this swings hard and the band gets lots of material to dig into.

Over the years we have heard numerous charts of John Coltrane’s “Giant Steps” to include the most prominent done for the Woody Herman big band in the 1970s. Easily one of the strongest of the batch, Taylor’s chart does a fine job of keeping the focus in the center of the target. The tune already has a signature harmonic and melodic pattern we expect. Taylor adeptly integrates material from Coltrane’s famous solo lines into the sax soli, but making it his own. Jim McFalls (trombone) and Ted Baker nail the challenging chord changes and Todd Harrison gives some great featured drumming to bring it home.

One of the first charts many jazz bands got to know Taylor by is “Love Beams” from his time in college at North Texas State University (noted as a favorite tune of his wife Evie). This is truly the best recording of the chart to date (which there are several) and does a very nice job of updating his writing , showing how timeless the music is. Longtime D.C. musician Jim Roberts is featured on acoustic guitar and does a fine job on the solo chair.

Another of Wayne Shorter’s tunes is interpreted by Taylor: “One By One.” Again the band sounds great and Mark’s writing is clear while honoring the tradition of Shorter’s hard-bop era tune. Marty Neu (alto sax) and Craig Fraedrich get some solo space and Taylor’s writing is appropriately idiomatic to one of Shorter’s most well-known tunes.

“Another Great Day” is the fifth of Taylor’s originals from the CD. With Andy Axelrod on the alto sax solo this is funk chart is somewhat reminiscent of writing for the 1970’s Kenton and Ferguson big bands. Nothing fancy, all about the groove and the band does a fine job of interpreting Taylor’s hard hitting composition.

The closer for this session is his original “Bone Talk.” A simple but perfect trombone plunger romp that sounds like Joe Williams or Jimmy Rushing are going to come in any minute with “Everyday I Have the Blues.” Matt Neiss, Jay Gibble and Jen Krupa play greasy blues solos that don’t disappoint and make for some fun listening. Again with Taylor’s wonderful, full band soli writing, the group has a nice handle to grab onto and drive the chart to the end.

The whole album has a nice variety of writing from Mark Taylor and it is hard to imagine the music could have been played any better.  A very enjoyable listen for fans of big band jazz; highly recommended.

Can be purchased from


Jack Cooper
– Berlin Jazz Orchestra composer/arranger in residence (currently), former staff arranger for the U.S.M.A. Jazz Knights, Director of Jazz Studies – the University of Memphis

Samba Ti Kaye 5:17

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road 5:23

Blue Monk 6:27

Love Matters the Most 5:47

All the Things You Are 4:33

Children of the Night 6:12

My Funny Valentine 5:49

To the Edge 8:21

Giant Steps 4:38

Love Beams 4:19

One By One 4:19

Another Great Day 4:29

Bone Talk 5:09

Personnel: Marty Nau, Andy Axelrad, Tedd Baker, Grant Langford, John DeSalme, Dave Brown: saxophones/woodwinds; Brian MacDonald, Liels whitaker, chris Walker, Craig Fraedrich, Graham Breedlove: trumpets/flugelhorns; Matt Neiss, Jim McFalls, Jay Gibble, Jen Krupa, Jeff Cortazzo: trombones; Tony Nalker; piano; Jim Roberts: guitar; Paul Henry: bass; Todd Harrison: drums; Special guests: Delores King Williams: vocals; Tom Williams: flugelhorn.

Mark Wade Trio – Event Horizon

Mark Wade Trio
Mark Wade Trio


Combining the best ingredients of what makes a jazz trio great, Event Horizon, the debut recording of the Mark Wade Trio, is an event worthy of considerable praise and recognition. The creative alchemy this group melds in the nine compositions on the CD not only strengthens the history of the jazz trio but also reinvigorates this illustrious instrumentation with the ever enduring spirit of invention.

With Mark Wade on bass, Tim Harrison on piano, and Scott Neumann on drums (all seasoned musicians that listen with a capital L) the compelling components of the jazz trio — the democratic interplay of parts, the balance of shared sonic space, the breathtaking exchange of musical dialogue — come into full realization. Rare do you find a trio of musicians so capable of saying something individually yet committed to working as a group to support a singular idea. While the Mark Wade Trio certainly honors the work of esteemed trios from the past, they have undoubtedly added to the ongoing conversation with a unique voice of their own.

Mark Wade, leader of the trio and composer of eight original compositions on the CD,  plays the acoustic bass with a deep, fervent resonance that approaches ecstasy. Using vibrato and a myriad of soulful inflections, Wade creates a tone that echoes the best of Paul Chambers or Scott LaFaro, yet there’s an inherent wisdom in the sound, as if the wood from the bass were cut from a lone Cypress tree that stood sentinel for hundreds of years on a wind-swept rocky coast.

The piano artistry of Tim Harrison delights at almost every turn of phrase, crafting rich melodic lines in his solos that pull you along with a magisterial ability to both swing and surprise. His harmonic inventiveness is of equal richness, and the tonal pleasures of his touch on the keyboard, exquisitely delicate in the ballads and excitedly commanding in the stronger passages, unveils a musician of unusual sophistication and talent.

Scott Neumann, on drums, is easily summarized in one word: taste. At all junctures his playing supports the organic conception of the trio: three distinct voices working together as one. Neumann lends an equally inventive voice to the group, creating a sonic palette of rhythmic textures and colors, swinging hard when needed yet also capable of brush work that seems as light and graceful as the wings of a butterfly.

The nine compositions on the recording represent an irresistible showcase of jazz styles, and one could view them as Wade’s gallery of artistic canvases, with each selection expanding on the earlier work to greatly enhance the whole.

The first selection, Jump For Joy, a sprightly piece that beautifully exemplifies the joy of making music with a jazz trio, is a sunny waltz in the tradition of Bill Evans.

The haunting Apogee, a stirring ballad that at times echoes the free jazz cry of Ornette Coleman’s Lonely Woman, bustles with the hint of frenetic tempos ahead before settling into more ethereal realms where the time swirls and drifts without apparent meter. The effect creates a timeless quality in the piece, aided by the ambiguity of chromatically descending chords and Wade’s own emotive bass playing where each pluck of a string seemingly leaks star stuff.

Singsong is not a song at all but a repeated motif posed as a question. One hears parallels to Ive’s The Unanswered Question in the relentless probing of the melodic fragment. The gifted musicianship of Scott Neumann on drums, a natural poet of rhythmic subtlety, features prominently here.

Valley and Stream, a work of pensive beauty that could pass as a film score for an art house narrative, approaches the sublime in exquisite passages from Wade and Harrison. The poignant character of the melody, quiet yet searching, resonates long after the music has ended.

If I Only Had a Brain, charming from start to finish, is framed by a dominant seventh chord deliciously battered with the distinctive flavors of the half-diminished scale. Set in 5/4, the trio swings so convincingly throughout that you may wonder if the song was originally written in the quintuple meter. Following a playful exchange of solos by the members of the trio, the arrangement ends on a series of rapidly shifting modulations that surprise and delight.

In conclusion, although the history of the jazz trio remains dominated by imaginative minds like Bill Evans, Oscar Peterson, Ahmad Jamal, McCoy Tyner, Cedar Walton, Chick Corea and others, the Mark Wade Trio has left an indelible mark in that timeline with a recording that boasts strong compositions, memorable solos, and three remarkable musicians that met the stringent demands of what it takes to lead a jazz trio to greatness.   ????

To download  this recording, visit Amazon.



Track Listing:

  1. Jump For Joy
  2. The Prisoner
  3. Apogee
  4. Singsong
  5. Tossed
  6. Valley and Stream
  7. Twist in the Wind
  8. Cold Spring
  9. If I Only Had a Brain


Tim Harrison – Piano
Mark Wade – Bass
Scott Neumann – Drums


Time Within Itself – Michael Waldrop Big Band

Michael Waldrop Big Band
Michael Waldrop Big Band


Time Within Itself, Michael Waldrop’s first big band CD, is a joyous, rip-roaring ride that charts a rollicking course through diverse musical styles, ranging from jazz fusion to the very best of big band jazz.

At the helm on drums, Waldrop is the indomitable anchor of the ensemble, a master of kinetic energy who plays both authoritatively and with a rare symmetrical beauty. Creating a rhythmic force that is high-octane yet beautifully measured is a tall order for any drummer, but Waldrop miraculously sustains this virtuosic energy throughout the entire recording. A talented composer, as well, he wrote or co-wrote six of the eight tunes on the project, and beautifully plays the vibraphone on three of the tracks.

Jack Cooper, a gifted musician and composer in his own right, arranged the music on this project, co-writing two of the tracks with Waldrop and a couple originals of his own. His own critically acclaimed CD, Mists: Charles Ives For Jazz Orchestra, now available on Planet Arts, was released last year. Cooper’s dazzling arrangements on this session, brimming with originality and inventiveness, unquestionably establishes him as a writer of big band jazz destined to make a mark.

In El Vino, the first track on the CD, Waldrop pays tribute to the great jazz drummer, Elvin Jones. Echoes of early Coltrane permeate this medium groove, an extended blues form that revives the hard bop style once celebrated in the Blue Note recordings from the 60s. The tenor sax soloist, Larry Panella, who earlier in his career performed with Woody Herman and The Phil Collins Band, almost sets the studio on fire with his scorching tone, torrid runs, and blazing vaults into the altissimo.

Tunnell Vision, a standout on the session by its sheer energy alone, features the impassioned electric guitar and wordless vocals of Jimi Tunnell, former member of the group, Steps Ahead.  When Tunnell’s epic incantations roar in your ears for the first time, bigger than life and almost operatic in intensity, you immediately realize this is not your typical big band recording. Tunnell Vision is so infused with infectious energy that at some point the music transcends the boundaries of structure and form and becomes nothing but pure energy. Cooper’s electrifying arrangement helps stem the frenetic demands of this fusion tune, adding sock and sizzle to the ensemble when needed, with the proceedings relentlessly driven home by the transcendent drum work of Michael Waldrop.

In Time Within Itself, the title cut, an elegant and diaphanous waltz that alludes to the best of Bill Evans, the music seems to glide along serene waters on a summer afternoon. The breezy, easy-going quality of the piece never ceases to delight, and the immaculate piano artistry of Steve Snyder just adds to the sunny character of this affable work. The alto sax solo, light and winsome, comes from the tasteful musings of Will Campbell, who leads the saxes in this session. Composed by Waldrop, the tune has the makings of a future jazz standard and will probably be widely recorded by other musicians. In the ingenious ways that have become a hallmark of his writing, Cooper’s arrangement exquisitely builds on the melodic material, snatching beautiful fragments from the song as if he’s catching butterflies in a net.

Munich Musings, a samba-like, straight eighth note groove with its lilting melody and yearning chord progression, unfolds amidst jagged rhythmic figures that intermittently disrupt the flowing line like modern skyscrapers translated into sound — but all to good effect. The invigorating percussion of Jose Rossy, of Weather Report fame, is on full display here, and trombonist Greg Waits and Mike Steinel on trumpet both craft memorable solos.

Inner Truth highlights the warm vibraphone playing of Waldrop, in a lovely slower piece that also features sensitive turns by Larry Panella on flute and Mike Steinel on flugelhorn. Cooper’s deceptively simple arrangement enchants with a lushly voiced introduction by the ensemble, as soft and delicate as the skin of a newborn. Written by Waldrop, this charming work offers a gentle reprieve before the coming storm of the remaining tracks ahead.

In Vistas, another effusive outpouring that encapsulates the best of fusion and contemporary jazz, Jimi Tunnell returns to continue his soulful dialogue. Composed by Jack Cooper, this charismatic work begins with a sprightly a cappella introduction by the ensemble, followed by the spirited main theme played by Tunnell that’s doubled an octave above by the ethereal vocal stylings of Susan Dudley. Larry Panella plays the commanding tenor sax solo that leads to the final climatic moments. A work reminiscent of Weather Report or The Brecker Brothers, Vistas is one of Cooper’s most emotionally expansive outings, with the ecstatic ascending line of the ending ultimately reaching to heights unknown. Some purists may find the forays into jazz fusion objectionable, but to his credit, Cooper brings his uncompromising standards to all styles of music, creating sophisticated compositions that are both intellectually and emotionally sound — a criteria for all great music.

The intriguing Her Moon Rises East, another composition by Cooper that features Tunnell, begins with a rhythmic figure reminiscent of Golson’s Blues March, before segueing into the more contemporary material in three-quarter time. At first written for a failed ballet, the work has a through-composed feel, allowing for evocative passages in the ensemble writing by Cooper that explores textures and colors not often associated with the big band.

Twisted Barb, a straightforward uptempo swing tune written to feature the drum work of Waldrop, concludes the recording. Cooper’s inventiveness with the linear line comes to the forefront here, as he weaves a brilliant mosaic of contrapuntal passages like a crazy quilter that’s traded in his sewing needles for an armful of musical scales. Later, in a series of solo passages between the drums and the band, Waldrop demonstrates true finesse, with masterful playing that is muscular and powerful yet capable of subtle touches that suggest soft drops of rain pelting panes of glass. In short, the incredible artistry of Waldrop’s performance — on this track and throughout the rest of the CD — is nothing short of remarkable.

Remarkable is also a fitting summation for the creative collaboration between Michael Waldrop and Jack Cooper, whose formidable talents breathed life into the music on this project. With the expiration date on big band recordings growing closer — according to some naysayers — Waldrop’s Time Within Itself offers a welcome extension, reinvigorating the genre with a unique juxtaposition of musical styles that blends the best of the present with the best of the past. In the end, though, the simple joy of creating remarkable music overrides everything else, and that is what you find in abundance on this recording — remarkable music.  sax-icon

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Track Listing:

  1. El Vino
  2. Tunnell Vision
  3. Time Within Itself
  4. Munich Musings
  5. Inner Truth
  6. Vistas
  7. Her Moon Rises East
  8. Twisted Barb


Will Campbell (Lead) – alto, soprano, clarinet, flute
Tim Ishii – alto, clarinet, flute
Larry Panella – tenor, soprano, clarinet, flute
Chris McGuire – tenor, clarinet
Paul Baker – baritone, bass clarinet

Keith Jourdan (Lead)
Dave Spencer
Larry Spencer
Mike Steinel

Anthony Williams (Lead)
Tony Baker
Greg Waits
John Wasson – bass trombone

Chris Derose-Chiffolo – guitar (1,3,4,5,8)
Carl Hillman – bass
Steve Snyder – piano
Michael Waldrop – drums, vibraphone

Additional Musicians
Jose Rossy – percussion (2,4,5,6,7)
Chad McLoughlin – additional guitar (3)
Sandra Dudley – vocals (6,7)

Guest Soloist
Jimi Tunnell (electric guitar)

Mists: Charles Ives for Jazz Orchestra

Mists: Charles Ives For Jazz Orchestra
Mists: Charles Ives For Jazz Orchestra

I always suspected that Charles Ives had the makings of a great jazz composer. Now Jack Cooper has shown just how jazzy Ives can get. This is a fun, exciting recording and one of the most creative big band projects of the year.”

— Ted Gioia,  author of The History of Jazz


Every so often one of those self-appointed apostles of cultural cynicism will exploit their place on a national journal to reignite the tired yet familiar debate — that jazz is dead. The house of jazz, they’ll rant, is a dilapidated relic with crumbling foundations, shuttered windows, and yellowed newspapers strewn across dust-laden floors. A lamentable example, recently published in the normally hallowed pages of The New Yorker, featured a humorless parody of jazz legend, Sonny Rollins.

While these flagrant floggings of America’s greatest art form are predictable grumblings from today’s attention-deficit-driven society, they are easily countered by the continued release of new and seminal jazz recordings each year.

One such recording is —Mists: Charles Ives for Jazz Orchestra— a new release of eight stunning works for big band, beautifully arranged by Jack Cooper, a much sought-after composer and arranger in the jazz world.

In a recording that comprises fifty-five minutes of compelling American music, Cooper adds the full-throated roar of the big band to the strange yet captivating sounds of the modernist composer, Charles Ives. The engaging contrast of styles evokes images of the dark, smokey confines of the jazz club with the mist-shrouded banks of Ives’ fabled Housatonic, in eight aptly drawn musical portraits of Americana.

Cooper’s eminence looms large in these ingenious transformations of Ives’ songs, a unique coalescence of musical styles that never feel forced together. Credit Cooper’s creative alchemy here if you conclude after hearing the recording that Ives surely cut his compositional teeth in the jazz haunted speakeasies of Manhattan’s 52nd street.

Mists: Charles Ives for Jazz Orchestra — The Music

jack cooper - mists: charles ives
Jack Cooper recording Mists: Charles Ives for Jazz Orchestra

In Mists, the title track, Cooper transforms Ives’ elegiac setting of ‘gray skies’ and haunting vistas of ‘hill and dale’ into an uptempo jaunt through the ambiguous terrain of the whole-tone scale, with an obvious nod to Dee Barton, of Stan Kenton fame. In an intensely swinging diatribe, Cooper pounds relentless successions of altered dominant seventh chords, powerfully punctuated by exciting shouts from the brass and fiery solos played by Terell Stafford, Ivan Renta, and Luis Bonilla.

Terell Stafford, a guest soloist featured on the title track and the concluding cut, The Cage, joins an impressive roster of soloists on the album, many of them members of the esteemed Village Vanguard Orchestra. With a charismatic sound and an impeccable sense of swing, Stafford ignites the music with fingers of lightning that scorch the air. His jazz is lyrical, hard-driving, and red-hot.

In The Last Reader, Cooper adopts one of Ives’ favorite traditions: pitting two ensembles in musical opposition. The dense cluster of harmonies lends an ethereal effect akin to light scattered in swirls of mist — an undeniable Ivesian touch. Following the airy dissonance of the introduction, Cooper dresses the main theme in a more contemporary setting, with tenor and guitar in fusion-flavored unison, succeeded by heartfelt solos played by Alex Wintz and Jim Seeley. The work culminates in an extended climax, orchestrated with a breathtaking surge of emotion from the ensemble that unveils Jack’s most gorgeous writing.

At The River, a laid-back medium swing, brims with inventiveness. Cooper ingeniously uses simple background figures behind the familiar hymn like tonal bits of clay that mold and develop the work into something well beyond the original intentions of the church-goer — but to great effect for the jazz listener. Luis Bonilla and Chris Karlic are featured on the trombone and baritone sax.

The Cage, the final selection among the eight arrangements, is Cooper’s magnum opus. Bolstered by impassioned solos by Billy Drews, Peter Brainin, and Terell Stafford, this arresting work — on the surface at least — is just a 24 measure minor blues. Never satisfied with the banal, however, Cooper elevates the piece into a pinnacle of artistic expression, crafting a complex knit of musical passages that range from the merely atmospheric to intricate contrapuntal lines that ingeniously contrast and intertwine in a tour de force of wildly inventive jazz composition.

Special mention must also go to the piano prowess of Randy Ingram, the rhythmic fervor of Vince Cherico, and the impressive soloists not mentioned earlier: Scott Wendholt, Chris Karlic, John Mosca, Rey David Alejandre, and Andrew Halchak.

On final analysis, Mists: Charles Ives For Jazz Orchestra showcases a marvelous band, stellar soloists, and a level of arranging rich with heritage yet honed with an ear toward things to come. Cultural prophets may continue to proclaim that jazz is dead, that the tradition has gone stale , that the music isn’t cool anymore (as one reporter blithely stated)but Jack Cooper settles that argument, brilliantly and decisively, with this important new recording.   sax-icon

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For a more in-depth analysis of Jack’s work with Ives, read Scott Healy’s jazz composition blog.


Track listing for Mists: Charles Ives For Jazz Orchestra:

  1. Mists
  2. The Last Reader
  3. The Children’s Hour
  4. Tom Sails Away
  5. The Camp Meeting
  6. Watchman!
  7. At The River
  8. The Cage


Alto – Billy Drews (Lead)
Alto – Andrew Halchak
Tenor – Ivan Renta
Tenor – Peter Brainin
Baritone – Chris Karlic

Nick Marchionne (Lead)
John Walsh
Jim Seeley
Scott Wendholt

Guest Soloist
Terell Stafford (trumpet)

John Mosca (Lead)
Luis Bonilla
Rey David Alejandre
Frank Cohen (bass , all except #3)
Douglas Purviance (bass #3, #8)

Piano – Randy Ingram
Guitar – Alex Wintz
Bass – Andy McKee
Drums & Percussion – Vince Cherico

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